- The Heritage Pink City has been the capital of erstwhile Jaipur
state since its inception in 1727 AD, it gets the name from its
founder Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. He was not only a great ruler
but also a renowned mathematician and astrologer, his various
talents are clearly exhibited in the city. Vidhydhar Bhattacharya
designed Jaipur as per the Hindu treatise, Shilp Shastra. The city
was laid with great precision, it could also be called as the
first planned city of the country. The roads were quite wide and
intersected at right angles, the entire city being divided into
rectangular blocks and surrounded by a peripheral wall with huge
gates guarding it. The market places were named after the
commodity, which was supposed to be predominantly sold or
Hotels in Jaipur which provide affordable accommodation and
The capital city of the state Rajasthan, very nearly exemplifies
the character of the state and its people. Surrounded by rugged
hills on three sides, each crowned by formidable fort and
beautiful palaces, mansions and gardens
dotted throughout its precincts.
In 1876 A.D. Jaipur dressed itself in pink to welcome Prince
Albert, consort of Queen Victoria and earned the epitaph PINK
CITY', it is also a home of excellent handicrafts especially known
for the exquisite gold jewellery enamelled or inlaid with precious
stones, blue pottery, carving on wood, stone & ivory, block print,
tie & dye textiles, hand made paper, miniature painting etc.
DISTANCES TO IMPORTANT CITIES
Agra - 232 kms via Mahua-Bharatpur-Fatehpur Sikri
Ajmer - 132 kms via Dudu-Kishangarh
Alwar - 143 kms via Shahpura-Thanagazi
Bharatpur - 176 kms via Dausa-Mahua
Bikaner - 321 kms via Sikar-Fatehpur-Ratangarh
Bundi - 300 kms via Ajmer-Kekri-Devli
Chittaurgarh - 320 kms via Ajmer-Bhilwara
Delhi - 262 kms via Shahpura-Behror-Dharuhera-Gurgaon
Gwalior - 347 kms via Agra-Dhaulpur
Jaisalmer - 638 kms via Ajmer-Beawar-Jodhpur, Dechchu, Pokaran
Jodhpur - 325 kms via Ajmer-Beawar-Barr-Bilara
Sariska - 105 kms via Shahpura
Udaipur - 407 kms via Ajmer-Beawar-Kankroli-Nathdwara
Mount Abu - 505 kms via Ajmer-Beawar-PaIi-Sirohi
Ahmedabad - 657 kms via Udaipur-Himatnagar- N.H. 8
Population: 23, 24, 319 (2001)
Area: 23.3 sq. km. approx
Altitude: 431 m (above sea level)
Temperature: Summer Average Max 40.6°C, Average Min.
Winter Average Max. 22.0°C Average
Rainfall: 64 cm
Season: September to March
Clothing: Summer - Tropical, Winter - Woolen
Languages: Hindi, Rajasthani & English
HAWA MAHAL - built in 1799, by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh,
is the most recognizable monument of Jaipur. The 5 storeyed
stunning semi-octagonal monument having 152 windows with over
hanging latticed balconies is a fine piece of Rajput architecture.
Originally designed for the royal ladies to watch and enjoy the
processions and other activities, on the street below. Now it
houses a well laid out museum. The display “Jaipur past and
present” is the special feature of this newly setup museum. Timing
10.00 to 16.30 hrs, Entry Fee Rs. 5.00: Phone: 2618862
JANTAR MANTAR (Observatory) - built in 18th century by
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the huge masonary instruments were
used to study the movement of constellations and stars in the sky.
Enormous sun-dial still provide accurate time, which are subject
to daily corrections. Timing 9.00 to 16.30 hrs, Entry Fee Rs.
10.00, Phone: 2610494
CITY PALACE AND S.M.S. II MUSEUM - situated in the heart of
the old City, it occupies about one seventh of the old city area.
The palace is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture, it houses
a Seven storeyed Chandra Mahal in the centre, which affords a fine
view of the gardens and the city. Diwan-E-Am (Hall of public
audience) has intricate decorations and collection of manuscripts,
Diwan-E-Khas (Hall of private audience) has a marble pawed gallery
Mubarak Mahal has a rich collection of costumes and textiles.
There is a Clock Tower near Mubarak Mahal. Sileh Khana has a
collection of armory and weapons. Timing 9.30 to 16.45 hrs. Entry
Fee for Indians Rs. 35.00 and for foreigners Rs.150.00 inclusive
of entry to Jaigarh fort, Phone: 2608055
ISHWAR LAT - ‘Swarg Suli’ or ‘heaven piercing minaret’, the
tower, near Tripolia gate, built by Maharaja Ishwari Singh
(1744-51). It offers one of the most breathtaking view of the
CENTRAL MUSEUM - situated in the Ram Niwas Garden. This
graceful building was founded in 1876 by Prince Albert (also known
as Albert Hall). It has a rare collection of archaeological and
handicraft pieces. Timing 10.00 to 16.30 hrs, Entry Fee for
Indians Rs. 5.00, for foreigners As. 30.00, Phone: 2570099
DOLLS MUSEUM - a collection of beautiful dolls from all
over the world, it is situated on Jawahar Lal Nehru Marg. Timing
10.00 to 16.00 hrs, Phone: 2619369
BIRLA PLANETARIUM - It offers unique audio-visual education
about stars and entertainment with its modern computerised
projection system. Entry fee As. 20.00 show timings: 11.00, 13.00,
15.00, 17.00, 18.00, 19.00 hrs. Phone: 2381594
R. C. MUSEUM OF INDOLOGY - It has a large collection of
historical archaeological manuscripts, miniature paintings and
other artifacts. Timing 10.00 to 16.00 hrs, Phone: 2607455
JALMAHAL - (6 kms) on the way to Amer, this small palace is
set in the middle of Man Sagar Lake. A paved causeway leads upto
the beautiful water palace.
GAITOR - (6 kms) At the foot hill of Nahargarh stands the
memorials to the former rulers of Jaipur the place has some
gracefully carved cenotaphs in white marble.
JAIGARH FORT - (15 kms.) standing on a hilltop, overlooking
the palaces and city of Amer. The world’s biggest cannon on
wheels- the Jai Ban is positioned here, built during reign of
Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh. It has a twenty feet long barrel and
pumped in the cannon for a single shot. Timing 10.00 to 16.45 hrs,
Entry Fee for Indians Rs. 15.00 & for foreigners Rs. 20.00, Phone:
NAHARGARH FORT - (15 kms.) cresting a hill about 600 ft.
above the city, the fort was built in 1734. The walls of the fort
run along the ridge and within are architectural beauties like
Hawa Mandir and Madhvendra Bhawan. Timing 10.00 to 16.00 hrs,
Entry Fee Rs. 5.00, Phone: 5148044
GALTA - (10 kms.) This holy pilgrimage centre has a temple
dedicated to the Sun God (Which is the only one of its kind in
this part of the country) and natural spring. It crests the ridge
over a picturesque gorge and provides an impressive view of the
city. As the legend goes, sage Galav performed a difficult penance
MOTIDOONGARI - perched on a hill top on the southern
horizon. It is a replica of a Scottish castle.
LAXMI NARAYAN TEMPLE - is situated just below the Moti
000ngri, known for the intricate marble carvings in white marble,
popularly known as Birla Temple.
MAHARANI K! CHHATRI - The funeral place for the royal
ladies, marked by some wonderfully carved cenotaphs.
SISODIA RANI GRADEN - (5 kms.) on the road to Agra, the
magnificent palace garden was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II
in 1710 for his queen. Timings 8.00 to 18.00 hrs. Entry fee Rs.
5.00, Phone: 2680494
VIDHYADHAR GARDEN - (5 kms.) on the way to Agra, built by
Viyadhar, the chief architect and town planner of Jaipur. This
beautiful terraced garden has several galleries and pavilions
decorated with exquisite murals, depicting Lord Krishna. Timing
9.00 to 18.00 hrs, Entry Fee Rs. 5.00
KANAK VRINDAVAN - (6.5 Kms on the way to Amer) This newly
restored temple and garden, near Jal Mahal, has beautiful gardens
and is popular picnic place. This is also beautiful location for
film shooting. Entry fee Rs. 4.00 & Timings 8.00 to 17.00 hrs,
AMER - The old capital of the Kachhwahas stands atop a
range of craggy hills. The fort is remarkable as much for the
majestic grandeur of its surroundings as for its sturdy
battlements and beautiful palaces. It is a fine blend of Hindu and
Muslim architecture. The solemn dignity of it red sandstone and
white marble pavilions, when reflected in the lake at the foot
hill, is a sight to behold. The original palace was built by Raja
Man Singh, the additional extensions were built by Maharaja Mirja
Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh lIthe last Maharaja of Amer,
who built a new city called Jaipur, where he shfted his capital in
The palace complex is lavishly ornamented and displays the riches
of Amer. Sheesh Mahal chamber of Mirrors. Diwan-e-Am or the Hall
of Public Audience is a beautifully proportioned hall open on
three sides and stands on two rows of ornamented pillars. Diwan e-Khas
or the Hall of Private Audience has delicate mosaic work in glass.
Sukh mandir is guarded by sandalwood doors inlaid with ivory.
Throughout the massive fort finely carved lattice windows,
exquisitely painted doorways, halls and finely sculptured pillars
crave for attention.
The old city of Amer was the seat of power and bustling with life
and prosperity. Other worth seeing sites are Jagat Shiromani
Temple, Narsinghji temple, the stepwell of Panna Meena and fine
carved royal cenotaphs on the road to Delhi. Timing: 9.00 to 16.30
hrs. Entry Fee For Indians Rs. 10.00, For Foreigners Rs. 50.00,
Phone: 2530293, Elephant ride charge Rs. 400.00 (inclusive of all
taxes) Timing : 8.00 to 16.00 hrs, Phone: 2530264 (Tourist Office)
SAMBHAR - Famous for the country’s largest inland salt
lake, is an ancient city. It was the first capital of the Chauhan
dynasty. Sakambhari, as it was founded near the temple of Goddess
Sakambhari, famous for its holy Devyani tank, the palace and the
nearby Naliasar: where the 3rd century onwards sculptures and
terracottas were found in excavation. This place is situated on
the Sambhar-Naraina Road.
VIRATNAGAR - 86 K.m. on the Shahpura-Alwar road, The site
of ancient Viratnagar is of great antiquity. It contains the
relics and structures of Mauryan, Mugal and Rajput periods.
RAMGARH LAKE - (28 Kms) the huge artificial lake, a popular
picnic spot. The ruins of the old fort and the temple of Jamwa
Mata indicate that it was the seat of power of the Kachhawahas
before they moved to Amer.
SAMODE - (40 kms) a quaint village amidst the hills, the
Samode palace set in fairy tale surrounding, has beautiful wall
paintings & mirror works, now this is a heritage hotel.
BAGRU - (35 Kms.) the village on the Ajmer road, is known
for its hand block printing, the characteristic prints are called
as Bagru prints. The fort here is still in a good condition.
SANGANER - (16 Kms.) another centre of hand block printed
textile and hand made paper. It also has historical ruins and Jam
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
The Pink City rejoices and celebrates the fairs and festivals with
pomp and gaiety since time immemorial. These fairs and festivals
reflect the rich culture and heritage of the region. Jaipur has a
flair for celebrating every occasion.
ELEPHANT FESTIVAL - (March-April) 6 March, 2004, 25 March,
2005, 14 March, 2006, the elephant enthrall the spectators on the
day of the Colourful festival of Holi at Chaugan stadium.
Beautifully decorated elephants assemble for royal procession,
Elephant polo match, races etc. & Rajasthan Folk music & dance
performances are part of the festival.
GANGAUR - (March-April) 4-5 April, 2003, 23-24 March, 2004,
11-12 April, 2005, 1-2 April, 2006, this festival is celebrated by
the maidens and married women, and is dedicated to Gauri, the
incarnation of Goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva. A
Colourful procession is taken out from Zanana Deodhi of the City
Palace, passing through Tripolia Bazar, Gangauri Bazar, Chaugan
and converging near Talkatora for two consecutive days.
TEEJ - (July-August) 12 August 2003, 19-20 August, 2004,
8-9 August, 2005, 28-29 July, 2006, festival marking the advent of
monsoon, swings are hung from trees and decorated with flowers.
Young girls sing songs of love and about the rain. The festival is
dedicated to parvati, commemorating the day when she was united
with Lord Shiva, A magnificent procession is taken out from City
Palace, similar to the Gangaur procession, for two consecutive
MAKAR SANKRANTI - celebrated on the 14th of January, every
year with traditional fervour, the devotees take a holy dip in the
holy tank at Galtaji, it has now also become a kite flying
festival, millions of colourful kites come on the sky of Jaipur on
SHITLA ASHTAMI - (March-April) this festival is locally
called as Basoda, is celebrated to ward off the dreaded disease of
small pox. The most famous fair is held at the Shitla Mata temple
in Chaksu (on the Jaipur Kota Road), people gather here to pray
DONKEY FAIR - (Khalkani Mata Mela) (October) the donkeys
day at Looniyawas near Sanganer, Thousands of donkeys from all
over north India are brought here for buying and selling. The
donkey races and sports are organised for the merriment of people.
A rare sight indeed.
Tourist Reception Center, Govt. Hostel Campus, M.I. Road, Tel:
Govt. of Rajasthan Tourist Bureau, Railway Station, Tel:
Airport Saganer, Tel: 2722647
Tourist Office Amer, Tel: 2530264
Govt. of India Tourist Office, State Hotel,
Jaipur, Tel: 2372200/1363.